Modern consumption has created unsustainable levels of resource extraction and waste generation, putting high pressure on the environment and climate. The “take-make-use-dispose” pattern of production and consumption that characterizes the linear economy has resulted in an inefficient use of scare resources, harmful emissions, and the generation of large amounts of waste.
In response to these challenges, a number of (predominantly wealthy) countries have signaled an increased policy interest in transitioning to a more resource-efficient and circular economy. There is increased awareness that these developments will have implications for developing economies.TULIP presented research on the implications of the circular economy, trade and developing countries at the Permanent Mission of the Netherlands in November 2019. Participants included representatives from Finland and the Netherlands, developing and least-developed countries and international organizations, including the World Economic Forum, the World Trade Organization, and the International Labour Organization.