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Study published on Greening the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA)

The AfCFTA and the environment, with a focus on concrete approaches and strategies.

Environmental sustainability is a key component of Africa’s Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want. Yet, the recently launched African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) contains only minimal references to the environment.


In a policy brief published last week, TULIP Consulting's Director Colette van der Ven explores, together with Landry Signe, how State Parties can strengthen the linkages between Africa's trade and environmental agendas.


With respect to the AfCFTA protocols that have already been negotiated—including the Annexes on Technical Barriers to Trade, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, and various Annexes on trade facilitation—strategic implementation can enhance the link between the AfCFTA and the environment. With respect to ongoing negotiations, including on tariff schedules and services concessions, as well as future negotiations on the Protocols of Intellectual Property, Investment, Competition and E-commerce, State Parties have the option of more clearly emphasizing the link between the AfCFTA and the environment.


The authors also encourage the AfCFTA Secretariat to explore the possibility of adding a Protocol on the Environment and Sustainable Development.